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Herb D-.日记

性格左右命运 气度影响结局

 
 
 

日志

 
 

高考英语作文实用模版  

2007-12-15 23:02:46|  分类: 冲刺高考 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

话题作文

Nowadays, there are more and more (某种现象) in (某种场合). It is estimated that (相关数据). Why have there been so many (某种现象)? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is (原因一). Besides, (原因二). The third one is (原因三). To sum up, the main cause of (某种现象) is due to (最主要原因). It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, (解决办法一). On the other hand, (解决办法二). All these measures will certainly reduce the number of (某种现象).

对比观点题型

(1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。
1. 有一些人认为。。。
2. 另一些人认为。。。
3. 我的看法。。。
The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三).
While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).
From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .
(2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点
Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处).
In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).
     Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

阐述主题题型

要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.
1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.
2. 分析并举例使其更充实.
The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).
In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you”ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.

解决方法题型

要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径
1. 问题现状
2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
    In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)
     Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).
Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).

说明利弊题型

这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
1. 说明事物现状
2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)
3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测).)

议论文的框架

(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
 There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.
  People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. 
 As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
(2)利弊型的议论文
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____.
Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______.
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.

( 3 ) 答题性议论文
Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.
Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.

( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文
It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语_______" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )
A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____.
With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.

图表作文的框架

as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.
  There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
  As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

 
实用性写作(申请信)

Your address
Month, Date, year
Receiver's address
Dear ...,
I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.
.../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.
I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience.
Best regards for your health and success.
Sincerely yours,
X X X

高考英语作文模板:现象说明文

Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________,it is ture that__________.
There are many reasons explaining__________________________.The main reason is____________________.
what is more_________________________.thirdly__________________________.As a result_______________.
Considering all there,________________________.For one thing_____________________,for another________
____.In Conclusion____________________.
一种事物或现象(负面意义倾向)

关于A的话题,早已引起了广泛的社会关注。如今在电视、报纸、日常生活的很多角落,都有越来越多的关于A的议论。
给A一个精确恒定的定义并非易事,因为它的概念涉及了科学、人性、思想、经济、社会、自然等广阔的领域。一般而言,我们可以这样描述A…
A能成为公众关注的焦点,主要是由于它对个人、集体乃至整个世界都有着不容忽视的不良影响。
认真分析后我们可以看到,A对社会/世界 /健康的不利有很多。首先,从最直观的角度来看,A的出现直接损害了(这里加入一句针对性的话,如人类的身体健康和环境的平衡) 。(举例)。其次,从更深一层次上讲,它为人类的精神文明蒙上了一层阴影。更可怕的是,由于A所产生微小利益,却促成了许多可悲的人们为其忘乎所以,破坏了人类生存的法则和空间。
事实上,A的出现是社会发展和人类进步的产物,A所带来的危害是人类进化过程中付出的代价。同时,A的产生来源于部分人们的自私和趋利性,他们看到的是肤浅和片面的利益,而从未从整个全局和人类整体的利益出发去认识和分析它。这使得A始终挥之不去。对此,我奉劝他们,跳出狭小的角落,用长远和全局的眼光去重新审视A。
而如今,我们已深受其害,要想消除它的危害,我们必须从根源上杜绝它的产生,我们每一个人都应给予A高度的重视,用系统的和科学的方法去解决,唯有这样,避免它带来更多损失,我们人类前进的脚步才会更加平稳,更加欢快的迈向辉煌的明天。


One object or phenomenon (negative significance inclination.)
A has attracted extensive attention of the society. Nowadays, increasingly more argumentations of A can be found in TV programs, newspapers, ugogo and marry aspects of our everyday life.
Since its concept covers vast fields, such as science, humanity, ideology, economy, society and nature, A is difficult to be defined, precisely and fixedly. Generally speaking ,we can describe A as follows:…….
A’s status as the focus of public concern mainly results from its in negligible but harmful influence on individuals, collective, and even the whole world. It seems to have a strange power to drive some individuals or organizations to act wrongly. The essence of these wrong actions is:
(1) to gain personal, short-term and partial individual interest at the expense of damaging others’ long-term and overall interest;
(2) to adopt improper means to win more rewards with less input.
Situating under the shadow of A, individuals /organizations and violate natural law merely to obtain temporary, or even illusory interests. However, the result may turn out to be loss of really important and valuable resource or ability.
We must keep highly alert of the problems evoked by A, because once the harmful influence accumulates to a certain degree and then spread, it will surely threaten the development of the whole society.
Though with various reasons and forms, from the perspective of the essence, the problems brought by A originates from the fundamental principle of human ideology and material production. Thus, we should seek the solutions through setting foot on this principle.
Due to the depth and width of A’s harmful influence, we should draft our solutiogogotematically on the basis of deep analysis of A problem. We must acquire our power from technology, management, law and culture terrorm, effectively eliminate the shadow of A, and ensures ourselves a bright future.

 

 


高考英语写作四种基本文体

  第四节 议论文
  议论文是说道理的文章。议论文以“说服”为目的,在文中提出某种观点并证明其合理性,写议论文要抓住三个要点:论点、论据和论证。
  论点就是我们要阐述的观点;论据就是我们用来证明观点的依据;论证就是用来证明论点的方法。
  写议论文常用的方法有:
  1.归纳法,从分析典型事物入手,找出个别事物的共同特点,然后得出结论;
  2.推理法,从一般原理出发,对个别事物进行说明、分析,而后得出结论;
  3.对照法,把正反两方面相互对照,然后加以分析,以说明事物;
  4.驳论法,先列出错误观点,然后逐条加以批驳,最后阐明自己的观点。
  科技议论文的类别有政论、评论和读后感等。
  议论文一般要开门见山地提出论点,然后列举理由证明提出的观点,最后做出结论。议论文不是中学阶段学习的重点。
  议论文常用句型及习惯表达法
  1.用于比较性和驳斥性议论文
  1)The advantages of A are much greater than B.
  A的优越性大于B。
  2)Wonderful as A is, however, it has its own disadvantages too.
  虽然A不错,但它,它毕竟也有不尽如人意之处。
  3)Although A enjoys considerable advantage over …, it cannot compete with B in…
  虽然A与……相比较有相当大的优势,但是在……方面却无法和B相比。
  4)Contrary to widely accepted views, I believe …
  与一般人都接受的观点相反,我认为……
  5)Although it is commonly held that …, it is unlikely to be true that …
  尽管人们普遍认为……,但是……不可能是真实的。
  6)It is true that …, but it doesn’t follow that …
  虽然……是正确的,但是……并不因此成立。
  7)It would be reasonable to take the view that …, but it would be foolish to claim that …
  持有……这种观点是可以理解的,但是,如果宣称……,就未免有点愚蠢了。
  8)There is in fact no reason for us to believe that …
  事实上,我们根本就没有理由相信……
  9)In all the discussion and debate over …, one important fact is generally overlooked.
  在所有的关于……辩论中,有一个重要的事实被忽略了。
  10)There is an element of truth in these statements, but they ignore a deeper and more important fact that …
  这些观点中有些真实的成分,但是他们忽略了一个深层的、更为重要的事实……
  11)What these people fail to consider is that …
  这些人们并没有认识到……
  12)The danger/problem/fact/truth/point is that …
  危险/问题/事实/真实情况/关键是……
  2.用于描写图表和数据
  1) In 2000, it increased/rose from 7 to 15 percent of the total.
  在2000年,(数据)从7%增长到15%。
  2)By comparison with 1999, it decreased/fell from 15 to 7 percent.
  相比1999年,(数据)从15%下降到7%。
  3)The figure/percentage has nearly doubled/tripled, as against that of last year.
  与去年相比,数据/百分比增长了近1倍/2倍。
  4)It has increased/decreased almost two times, compared with …
  与……相比,(数据)增长近1倍/下降了近1/2。
  5)The number is 3 times as much as that of 1999.
  此数字是1999年的3倍。
  6)It accounts for 25 percent of the total.
  此项内容占总量的25%。
  3.用于解释性和阐述性议论文
  1)Among the most convincing reasons given by people for …, one should be mentioned …
  在人们给出的最有说服力的理由中,其中一点不可不提……
  2)One may think of the trend as a result of …
  人们可能会认为这种倾向是……的结果。
  3)The change in … largely results from the fact that …
  这一改变主要源于一个事实:……
  4)There are several causes for this significant growth in …First…; Second…; Finally…
  有几个原因促成了这次……的明显的增长,第一,……;第二,……;最后,……
  5)Why are/do…? For one thing, …; For another, …. And the primary reason is …
  为什么会……?其一……;其二……,其中最为重要的原因是……
  6)We may look into every possible reason except the real one.
  我们有可能调查了真正原因以外的所有原因。
  7)It is no simple task to give the reason for this complicated phenomenon which involves many factors.
  这个复杂的现象涉及因素较多,要对它做出解释恐怕很难。

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8)Different people look at … in different ways.
  不同人对……有不同的看法。
  9)There be sb. Who think/hold/insist/believe that…
  肯定会有人认为/坚持/相信……
  4. 用于文章的开头
  1)Faced with…, quite a few people argue that…, but other people conceive differently.
  面对……,很多人认为……,但是有一些人的想法就不一样。
  2)With the development of …, vast changes await this country’s society.
  随着……的发展,等待这个社会的将是巨大的变革。
  3)There is a general discussion today about the issue of …. Those who object to … argue that …. They believe that …. But people who favor …, on the other hand, argue that …
  当今,关于……的讨论比比皆是。对……持反对态度的人认为……,他们相信……;但是,对……持赞成态度的人认为……
  4)Currently there is a widespread concern that…
  目前人们普遍关注……
  5)Now people in growing number are coming to realize that…
  现在越来越多的人认识到……
  6)Now it is commonly held that…, they think…. But I doubt whether…
  人们普遍认为……,在他们看来……。但是我对……深表怀疑。
  7)In the past 6 years there has been…
  过去6年中,曾经有过……
  8)Never in Chinese history has the idea that…been more popular than…
  纵观中国历史,这种观点从来没有像……的时候这样受人欢迎过。
  9)One of the great men once said that…. Now more and more people share this belief.
  曾经有位伟人说过……。现在越来越多的人持有这种观点。
  10)Until recently, …has been regarded as…. But people are taking a fresh look at it.
  人们一直认为……。但是现在人们正在以一种新的眼光看待这个问题。
  11)These days we are often told that…. But is this really the case…?
  这些日子经常有人告诉我们……,事实真的如此吗?
  12)There is no denying/doubt that…
  不可否认/毫无疑问……
  5. 用于文章的结尾
  1)From what has been discussed above/Taking into account all these factors, we may safely arrive at/draw/come to/reach the conclusion that…
  综上所述,我们可以得出结论:……
  2)It is high time that we put considerable/great/special emphasis on…
  该是我们对……尤为重视的时刻了。
  3)Many methods being offered here, all of them make some sense, but none is quite satisfactory. The problem should be examined in a new way.
  虽然已经给出了多种解决方案,方案也均有合理之处,但是任何一个都不能让人满意。看来,这个问题应该换个方法考虑。
  4)There is no immediate solution to the problem of…, but … might he helpful.
  目前虽然没有立竿见影的解决方案,但是……毕竟能有一定的帮助。
  5)It is, therefore, obvious/evident that the task of … require immediate attention.
  因此,……的任务显而易见应该得到及时的关注。
  6)As far as…be concerned, I believe/think that…
  就……而言,我以为……
  7)In conclusion, …
  总之,……
  6. 用于论证和说明
  1)We may take a single/common example to illustrate…
  我们可以引用一例说明……
  2)Our society abounds with the examples of…
  ……这样的事例随处可见。
  3)A recent study suggests/shows that…
  最近的研究表明:……
  4)According to the statistics provided by…, it can be seen that…
  据……提供的统计数据表明……
  5)There is good evidence to show that…
  充分的证据表明……
  6)This brings out/set forth the important fact that…
  这不禁引出了一个重要的事实:……
  7)No one can ignore/overlook the fact that…
  没有人可以否认……这样一个事实。
  8)It is clear/well-knows that…
  众所周知……


  请看下面的例子:

  我讨厌这间屋子
  I hated the room for several reasons. First of all, it was hot. There were a lot of people crowded together in the room and their bodies gave off an unpleasant heat. Second, it was ugly. The walls were gray and bare, and the windows were dirty. Some of the windowpanes were broken. Most important of all, the room smelt bad. The air was filled with the smell of sweat. After being there for ten minutes, I could hardly wait to get out.

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[分析]
  ① 议论文有时也对否定的事情进行论证。上面的范文就是这样的例子。
  ② 首先开门见山提出论点——我不喜欢这所房子,理由有三。
  ③ 列举理由时要会运用表示层次,排列次序的词语,如:First of all, second, Most important of all,等,使读者获得一个清晰的概念,从而感到理由充分。
  ④ 学会有效地选用和巧用连词。本文所用的First of all, Most important of all引出的理由步步强化,铿锵有力,使读者感到作者提出的理由具有相当的说服力。
  ⑤ 文章列举的理由除了从外观上的描述外,更多的是通过作者的感受来写,字里行间流露出作者的思想感情。
  ⑥ 文章中谓语动词用的是过去时态,表示对过去某件事或物的看法。如果写现在的看法,也可以用一般现在时。

  打麻将
  请按以下情况写一封信给某报编辑(editor)的信。
  李国华是某中学的语文教师,他从学生的作文中了解到有不少学生的家长热衷于搓麻将,对子女的学习与健康不关心,致使一部分学生睡眠不足,成绩下降。他给某报编辑写了一封信反映这种情况,并呼吁这部分家长要为子女健康成长着想,尽快戒掉这种恶习。
  此信应包括以下内容:
  1. 介绍自己的身份。
  2. 你在作文中发现许多家长不管子女的教育,热衷于(indulge in)晚上在家搓麻将(play mahjong)。
  3.家长的这种恶习严重影响了学生学习与健康。
  4.这些学生作业不及时交,因为他们晚上不可能在家做作业。
  5.有些学生甚至在上课时睡觉。
  6.希望这些家长尽快戒掉恶习,否则将对他们的子女产生不良的后果。
  要求:
  1.用英语写一封以李国华署名的信。字数80~100字。要求意思连贯,语句通顺。
  2.信中只要将主要意思写清楚,不要逐句翻译。
  3.不必写信封,也不必在信纸上写收信人与寄信人的地址。

  Dear editor,
  I’m Li Guohua, a Chinese teacher at a middle school. Recently I found from my students‘ compositions that many of their parents don‘t care about their children‘s studies. They indulge (themselves) in playing mahjong at home at night. The bad habit greatly influences their children in both education and health. As it is impossible to do their lessons, they often fail to hand in their homework in time. Some of them even fall asleep in class, I sincerely call on those parents to give up their bad habit as soon as possible, or it will do great harm to their children.
  Sincerely Yours
  Li Guohua

  
  注意
  1.词数100字左右,信的开头已为你写好。
  2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  参考词语
  郊区 suburb
  说明
  1.内容要点可用不同方式表达。
  2.对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。

  June 3 ,2005
  Dear Editor ,
   Recently ,our class have had a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city . Some of my classmates are in favor of the move .They say large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams .They also say that once moved ,animals will have more space and better living conditions in the suburbs .However ,other students are against the idea ,saying that the Beijing Zoo, built in 1906 ,has a history of 100 years ,and is well –known at home and abroad .So it should remain where it is .What’s more ,moving may cause the death of some animals .To move or not ,this is a big decision which has to be made by people in Beijing.
   Yours truly,
   Li Hua

  2005年高考书面表达与参考译文(北京卷)
  第一节 情景作文
  美国中学生Jeff将要来你所在的红星中学学习中文,经协商安排住在你家。假设你是李华,请给Jeff写一封信,按照下图顺序介绍他来中国后的生活安排。
  注意
  1. 信的开头已为你写好。
  2. 词数不少于60。
  


 
[NextPage]
 
  第一节 情景作文
  内容要点
  1. 住房
  2. 上学
  3. 就餐
  4. 锻炼
  说明
  1. 内容要点可用不同方式表达。
  2. 对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。
  范文
  Dear Jeff,
  I’m Li Hua from Beijing Hongxing Middle School. I’m very happy to learn that you’re going to stay with my family while you’re in Beijing.
  While you are here, we’ll provide you with a room of your own with a bed, a desk, a couple of chairs and a TV. You’ll also have your own bathroom. Our school is quite close to our home, so we could go to school together by bike. At noon we’ll eat at the school dining hall. I’m sure you’ll like the delicious Chinese food there, and enjoy talking with friends over lunch. Chasses in our school usually finish at 4 in the afternoon. Talking with friends over lunch. Classes in our school usually finish at 4 in the afternoon. You can then join other students in playing ball games or swimming. It’ll be a lot of fun.
  If you have any questions or requests, please let me know. We’ll try our best to make your stay here in Beijing a pleasant experience.
  Best wishes,
  Li Hua

  

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